中国黄山风景名胜区
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浏览次数:   Huangshan UNESCO Global Geopark发布时间:2019-05-20 11:03:12

Huangshan UNESCO Global Geopark is located in Huangshan City, Anhui Province, covering an area of 160.6 km2. The main peak, Lianhua Peak (Lotus Peak), standing 1864.8 meters above sea level, is the highest peak in East China. With a typical landscape of granite peak forest, the park also abounds with fantastic granite rock formations, water landscape, rare animals and plants, and other resources.

Mt. Huangshan is endowed with not only “Five Wonders of Nature”, namely grotesque pines, fantastic rocks, sea of clouds, hot springs and winter snow, but also profound culture. It is regarded as one of the representatives of the Chinese magnificent scenery and splendid culture along with the Yangtze River, the Great Wall and the Yellow River, and reputed as “Earth Paradise” and “the Most Amazing Mountain in the World”.

As a world cultural and natural heritage and a national scenic spot, Huangshan has joined several international protection and tourism organizations, such as the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the Global Sustainable Tourism Commission (GSTC).


Location

The Huangshan Mountain stretching 40 kilometers from north to south, and about 30 kilometers from east to the west, with a total area of about 1,200 square kilometers. Our geopark covers an area of 160.6 km2, spanning 118°01'E-118°17' E, and 30°01'-30°18' N. The park area is divided into 9 management areas, namely Wenquan, Yungu, Yuping, Beihai, Songgu, Diaoqiao, Fuxi, Yanghu and Fugu. 



Origin of the Name

In ancient times, Mt. Huangshan was originally named as Mt. Yishan (Black Mountain), which is derived from the black and dark color of its peaks. Legend has it that Emperor Huangdi (an ancient Chinese emperor surnamed Huang, which means “yellow” in English) once made pills of immortality here and then became an immortal. In the Tang Dynasty, Emperor Xuanzong changed the name of Yishan (Black Mountain) to Huangshan (Yellow Mountain) in AD 747, which has been in use since then. During the thousands of years, Mt. Huangshan has accumulated rich culture associated with Emperor Huangdi, with quite many scenic sites closely related to him, for instance, Xuanyuan (Huangdi) Peak, Peak of Immortal Pills, Peak of Alchemy, Pills Well, Creek of Washing Herbs, and Platform of Drying Herbs.


Geology

Having witnessed a geological change of eight hundred million years, Mt. Huangshan integrates peak forest landform, and features a wide range of geological landscapes,such as granite shaped rocks, caverns, springs, ponds, creeks and waterfalls.The front part of the mountain is featured with sparse joints and rolling peak walls resulted from spherical weathering,while the back part features dense joints and steep peaks by columnar weathering, creating unique Landform.



Ecological Environment

Mt. Huangshan enjoys stable and balanced ecosystem, and a complete vertical plant community, including an alpine swamp and an alpine meadow, which is home to a collection of green plants. It is,therefore, known as “Treasure House of Plants in East China” and “Natural Botanical Garden”. The geopark has a forest coverage rate of 98.29%, and a greening rate of 98.53%, hosting 1,805 species of higher plants of 827 genera in 222 families. For example, Huangshan Pine, Huangshan Rhododendron, Magnolia, Manglietia,Chinese yew and other rare plants, 28 of which are discovered for the first time in Huangshan or named after Huangshan.

Mt. Huangshan is also an ideal habitat for animals. There are 24 species of fish, 21 species of amphibians, 48 species of reptiles,176 species of birds and 54 species of mammals, including various rare fowls and animals, such as red billed Leiothrix, Garrulax poecilorhynchus, Silver Pheasant, stump-tailed monkey, deer, wild goats, black deer, serow, cloud leopard etc..



Climate

Mt. Huangshan is located in the subtropical monsoon climate area. As a result of its high mountains and deep valleys, the climate is prone to vertical changes. Local topography plays a leading role in its climate, forming a special monsoon climate in mountain area. Mt. Huangshan has an annual average of 2369.3 mm rainfall, 180.6 rainy days, 32.9 snowy days, 259 foggy days, 118.7 windy days, and an annual average temperature of 7.9 ℃, with the highest 27 ℃ in summer, and the lowest -22 ℃in winter, and the longest dry season lasts 40 days. The affluent resources of forests, creeks and waterfalls in the park contribute favorably to its air quality of Grade A, with the daily PM 2.5 concentration remaining at 5 mg/m3, and the negative oxygen ion reaching over 20,000 /cm3, earning its nickname of “natural oxygen bar”.


主管单位:黄山市人民政府办公厅    主办单位:黄山风景区管理委员会    
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